Australian Labor Party
Australia's oldest political party. Closely associated with the labour and trade union movement, labour parties were formed in several Australian colonies during the economic depression in the 1890s. Barcaldine in Queensland, where workers involved in the Shearers Strike established a labour party in 1891, is considered the birthplace of the organisation. The New South Wales Labor Electoral League was formed by the Trades and Labour Council after the Great Maritime Strike in 1890, and won 35 of 141 seats in the 1891 New South Wales election. After contesting the first federal parliament election in 1901 separately, the members of the various labour parties from around the country met as the Federal Parliamentary Labour Party, adopting the name 'Australian Labour Party' in 1908, revised to 'Australian Labor Party' in 1912.