Darlinghurst Gaol

Sydney's main gaol from its opening in 1841, later used as an internment camp, technical college and art school.

Milestone
Constructed
1823 - 1885
Died
13 Feb 1844
Died
08 Jan 1889
Died
16 Jul 1897
Name
Alternate
Woolloomooloo stockade
Position
1837 - 1849
Property
Occupied by
1921 -
Type

Darlinghurst Gaol

CC BY-SA 2.0
,
2008

Planned from the 1820s, Darlinghurst Gaol was built in stages to designs that shifted with penal theories and government budgets. From 1841 prisoners were kept there, in increasingly overcrowded and unpleasant conditions. After Long Bay prison was opened in 1914 the buildings were used for a range of other purposes.

Prisons to 1920

CC BY-SA 2.0
,
2011

Even a penal colony needs prisons. As early as 1796 gaols were built to hold criminals who had committed offences in the colony, and to hold the public floggings and executions that were thought to deter such crimes. Through the nineteenth century, attitudes changed, and prisoners were expected to reform and repent, although treatment got little kinder in the new buildings and systems that were devised.