The Dictionary of Sydney was archived in 2021.
Convict and wealthy wine and spirits merchant who was sentenced to transportation for seven years on 15 September 1813. In Sydney, after initially working as a blacksmith, he became licensee of the Saracen's Head on Gloucester Street in The Rocks from 1827. He then took over the Commercial Tavern in George Street in 1831, which was one of the most lucrative inns in Sydney. As a result of his success, he purchased the mansion Tusculum for 3010 pounds. On his death, he left an estate of over 100,000 pounds.