Dictionary of Sydney

The Dictionary of Sydney was archived in 2021.

Georgian brick building at the southern end of Macquarie Street. Designed by colonial architect Francis Greenway to house male convicts, it subsequently became an immigration depot, government asylum, law courts and museum.

-33.869278314167, 151.21239157709

1817 - 1819
Commemorated by
1817 - 1819
Part of
Occupied by
1848 - 1886
Occupied by
May 1857 - 1886
1819 - 1848
1848 - 1886
1887 - 1990

Hyde Park Barracks

CC BY-SA 2.0

From convict barracks to female immigration depot to asylum for destitute women, Hyde Park Barracks has witnessed and revealed much of Sydney's social history.

Hyde Park Barracks archaeology


Sydney's first 'big dig' at Hyde Park Barracks, and subsequent archaeological work, produced one of the best collections of nineteenth-century institutional material in the world. These items illuminate the lives and interests of the thousands of women who passed through this building during its history as an immigration depot and destitute asylum.

Irish Famine Memorial, Hyde Park Barracks


Eleven shiploads of Irish girls, orphaned by the Great Famine of the 1840s, arrived in Sydney between 1848 and 1850. They were housed in the Hyde Park Barracks before going out to work and marry in Sydney and beyond. In the 1990s, a worldwide movement among the Irish diaspora to commemorate the Famine, led to the construction of Sydney's Famine memorial, set into the Hyde Park Barracks perimeter wall.