Dictionary of Sydney

The Dictionary of Sydney was archived in 2021.

Cumberland Plain

Expanse of flat land in the centre of the Sydney basin, which was covered with over 1,000 square kilometres of woodland and forest used and managed by Aboriginal people before Europeans arrived and began clearing it for agriculture and settlement. The plain is now the site of most of western Sydney.

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Appin massacre

CC BY-SA 2.0

As white settlement spread across the Cumberland Plain, dispossession lead to violence and assaults culminating in the events near Appin in 1816.